Red Ruffed Lemur
Habitat: deciduous tropical forests
Range: Masaola Peninsula of Madagascar's Northeast coast
Natural Diet: fruit, flowers, nectar, leaves, and
Status in the Wild: Critically Endangered
Lemurs have a complex system of vocalization ranging from low grunts and gurgling to loud cackle-like calls. Ruffed lemurs live in groups of two to ten individuals, usually a mated pair and offspring. Their six bottom teeth form a "toothcomb" they use to groom themselves and other members of the social group. Specialized claws on the second toe of the hind feet are also used as a grooming tool. Scent glands, located at the rump, are used to mark territories and for group identification.
Conservation: Many lemur species have become extinct. All lemurs are endangered, suffering from habitat loss as forests are converted to farmland or selectively logged. Heavily hunted and trapped by the Malagasy people as a food source, lemurs share their precarious status with many plants and animal species unique to Madagascar.