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Leopard Tortoise
Geochelone pardalis

  • Habitat: Arid to semi-arid habitats
  • Range: South Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Zaire, Angola, and Zambia
  • Natural Diet: Leaves, seeds, grains, nuts, and flowers
  • Status in the Wild: Least Concern (Common)


Fun Facts

  • The African leopard tortoise is the fourth largest tortoise species in the world.
  • An average adult leopard tortoise is 18 inches in length and weighs approximately 40 pounds.
  • The tortoises are yellowish-cream in color with high dome-shaped carapaces.
  • The carapace has black markings that make the tortoise look very attractive.
  • Leopard tortoises are herbivorous.
  • When threatened these animals retract pulling in their heads and legs under their shell.
  • Sexual maturity is reached at 12 to 15 years of age. 
  •  Females dig holes in the ground with their hind legs in which they lay eggs. They lay three clutches of eggs of 5 to 30 eggs


Conservation Threats

Major threats to wild populations of this species are:

  • Habitat loss due to agricultural practices, livestock grazing, and  collection of wood.
  • Tortoises are also captured for the pet-trade and human consumption.


Leopard Tortoise The leopard tortoise is the fourth largest tortoise in the world



Map Distributional range in African countries