Habitat: dense bamboo understory of temperate rain forests, from sea level to 5,500 feet
Range: southern Chile and Argentina
Natural Diet: fruits, vegetation, grasses
Status in the Wild: Near Threatened
The Pudu is considered the smallest deer in the world. The Chilean or Northern Pudu is slightly larger than the Southern Pudu. They are usually dark brown in color and infants have white spots. The males have a pair of antlers that look like horns, while the females do not. They maintain territories that are marked through dung piles usually found at feeding and resting areas. The Pudu is solitary and elusive in the wild. Social behaviors displayed by Pudus are limited due to their solitary nature. Females give birth to one or two young.
Conservation: free-ranging numbers of this species have declined rapidly due to poaching and illegal collection for zoos and private collections. Other threats include Habitat destruction and conversion and predation by domestic dogs.